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17:19:02
11.12.18, Tuesday

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General information on the Kamenetsky area

The Kamenetsky area – one of the most picturesque corners of Belarus, edge of rich history and culture. He is known for the well-known tower, fine landscapes, a nature pearl – Bialowieza Forest.

The Kamenetsky land was always generous on talented and purposeful people and has presented to the world many nice names. Kamenetchina is the homeland of the famous educators: Mikhail Karpovich – professor of Krakovskaya and Vilenskaya academies, Romuald Traugutt - one of heads of revolt of 1863-1864 in Poland, Belarus and Lithuania, Vsevolod Ignatovsky – the politician, the first president of Academy of Sciences of Belarus.

Far outside the republic our fellow countryman, the Belarusian poet, the prose writer and the translator Vasily Zhukovich is known. The writer, the honored worker of arts of the republic Vladimir Stelmakh stood at the origins of revival of national theater. In the history of painting of Belarus the famous Belarusian artists Fedor Doroshevich, Pyotr Zaretsky, Nikolay Mayevsky, Vasily Sobolevsky and many others have left a noticeable mark.

Exactly half-centuries Awards of the Labour Red Banner agricultural production cooperative "Soviet Belarus" twice the Hero of Socialist Work Vladimir Leontyevich Bedulya directed, trying to obtain considerable achievements in agricultural production.    

The Kamenetsky area is located in northwest part of the Brest region. Area extent from the North to the south –41 km, from the West to the east – 50 km. Borders on Poland, Brest, Zhabinkovsky, Kobrinsky and Pruzhansky areas of the Brest region, Svislochsky – the Grodno region.

It is educated on January 15, 1940. In modern borders it has developed in 1962. Its area – 1687 square kilometers. The center of the area – Mr. Kamenets.

Administratively the area is divided on 1 city (Vysokovsky) and 13 village councils which include 234 rural settlements.

The Kamenetsky area is agrarian. Primary branches of agriculture – meat and dairy animal husbandry, beet breeding, are grown up grain and forage crops, potatoes.

The agro-industrial complex of the area includes 11 open joint stock companies, 1 agricultural production cooperative.

In a services sector the enterprises of the state and private forms of ownership work. In shops of the area the wide range of food and industrial goods is presented.  

The education system of the area is represented 57 establishments of education (3 are under regional supervision): 1 gymnasiums, 17 high schools, 5 basic schools, 2 gardens schools, 22 preschool institutions, 1 sanatorium boarding school, 1 auxiliary boarding school, 1 industrial practice combine, 2 centers of additional education of children and youth, 1 center of tourism and study of local lore, 1 center of the correctional developing training and rehabilitation, 1 social and pedagogical center with a children's social shelter, 1 specialized school of the Olympic reserve for children and young people "Dense forest". In the territory of the area the Vysokovsky state agricultural professional college which has two steps of training is located. The second step gives to graduates secondary vocational education and the chance to acquire profession of the accountant and equipment mechanics.

To services of the population of the area 69 culturally - educational establishments, among them 2 city and 19 rural Recreation centers, 5 rural clubs, 1 rural center of crafts and culture, 2 rural centers of culture and leisure, autoclub, 33 libraries and the center of film video service. 2 children's music schools, 3 children's schools of arts in Kamenets, аг work. Belovezhsky, аг. Kamenyuki.

Medical care to the population is provided Kamenetsky central regional hospital on 161 beds, Vysokovsky city hospital on 88 beds, 2 rural local hospitals (аг. Pelishche, аг. Dmitrovich) which bed fund makes 30 beds. For assistance to lonely and aged citizens in Vysokovsky city hospital the office of sisterly leaving is opened.

Medical care of the population is also carried out by 10 rural medical out-patient clinics and 14 health posts. In the territory of the area the regional tubercular hospital "Verkhovichi" works.

In the territory of the area the set of monuments of history, architecture and archeology has remained. The Kamenetsky tower, a monument of architecture of the retrospective-Russian style Sacred and Simeonovsky church (1912-1914), the building of a gymnasium (the former Polish school) (1932) in to Kamentsa, etc. are of the greatest interest a monument of defensive architecture of the end of the 13th century. In Volchin the remains of the Troitsk church (1773) in which I was baptized have remained and subsequently the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Stanislav Augustus Ponyatovsky is buried.

Two historical palace and park ensembles – Sapegov-Pototsky (1678-1680) in have remained. High and Puzynov (the first half of the 19th century) in Gremyacha.

In of Shestakovo the memorial plate is established to one of heads of revolt of 1863-1864 in Poland, Belarus and Lithuania Romuald Traugutt, in. Turners - to the first president of the Belarusian Academy of Sciences V. M. Ignatovsky.

Monuments of military history – a peculiar chronicle of life of the people, a graphic evidence of his fighting glory. 55 mass graves, monuments, obelisks and memorial boards became expression of deep respect to the soldiers, guerrillas and fellow countrymen who have died in days of the Great Patriotic War.

Several facts about the Kamenetsky area

By the beginning of 1941 in the Kamenetsky area there were about 20 collective farms.

Bloody crimes of Hitlerites in the territory of the area have begun from the first days of occupation. Fascists have completely burned 33 villages, have shot more than 6 thousand peace citizens, for forced labor have taken out over 1700 young men and girls. Carrying out genocide against Jewish people was one of the most cruel parties of the fascist mode.

The population of the area couldn't be reconciled with the occupational mode. People went to guerrilla groups, the underground was created, diversions were organized. Long-awaited release has come on July 22, 1944. On the place of cruel fights at the village Poplars Kurgan of Slava is filled and the monument to liberators is constructed. On the kamenetsky earth about 2500 soldiers and officers of Red Army, people of 29 nationalities have died.

In August-September, 1944 in the regional center the first workshop of consumer services has been open, the group of industrial enterprises, a broadcasting center began to work. Work of hospital, the enterprises of a public catering was resumed. Children have had an opportunity to study. In the spring the 45th the machine and tractor stations (MTS) have begun to give help to peasants in carrying out field works.

The Kamenetsky area occupies the space in 1,7 thousand km ².

The population of the area – 36 610 people; city –13650 people, from them in to Kamentsa live 8396 people. The main population – Belarusians (82,4%), live also Ukrainians (7,7%), Russians (7%), Poles (2%), others (0,9%).

Administratively the area is divided into 13 Village Councils: Belovezhsky, Verkhovichsky, Vidomlyansky, Voysky, Volchinsky, Dmitrovichsky, Kamenyuksky, Novitskovichsky, Ogorodniksky, Pelishchensky, Rataychitsky, Recyca, Ryasnyansky and Vysokovsky City Council.

Across the territory of the area there passes the railroad in the direction Brest – Bialystok. The nearest railway station in of Zhabink, in 28 km from Kaments. The Brest Central station is in 54 km. Check points through frontier work: Vysoko-Litovsk – Cheremkh, Peschatk – Cumans, Pererov – Belovezha.

In recent years in the area agrotravel business actively develops. The accepting estates-28. Hospitably wait for tourists in estates in White, the Pitchfork, Kamenyukakh, Shestakovo, Babichakh, Svitichakh, Novitskovichakh, Voyskoy and others.

In the territory of the area joint Belarusian-Russian JSC Belovezhskiye syry, Kamenetsky branch of JSC "Savushkin Product" which make firm cheeses, JSC Verkhovichsky Starched Plant with production of starch are located. These products are sold in Republic of Belarus and beyond her limits. JV Santa-Bremor processes fish, LLC Agroprodukt carries out colza processing, this is one of the processors of seeds of oil-bearing crops, largest in the country.

JSC Belovezhsky is the large versatile agro-industrial giant. The area of his land grounds of nearly 20 thousand hectares, and grain yields are envied even by "profile" agricultural enterprises. Today JSC Belovezhsky is a huge pig-breeding complex, 16 farms on the maintenance of cattle, including 9 dairy and commodity, meat-processing plant which capacities allow to process into change up to 70 tons of meat, and the formula-feed plant with the most modern equipment which makes 20 tons of compound feeds an hour. Plus a network from 17 company shops on all republic where production under the popular It Is White — Maurice trademark is on sale. Many years are realized pork for export to the CIS countries.

In the area there is a republican sanatorium "White vezha" for veterans of war, work and disabled people. To sanatoria for a year there can go improvement more than 4,5 thousand people.

In the area more than 600 individual entrepreneurs whose primary activities is different rendering services, trade and a production activity are registered.

In the territory of the area the set of monuments of history, architecture, archeology thanks to which it is possible to touch the past has remained. These are palace and park ensembles of Sapegov-Pototsky in High and Puzynov on the farm Gremyacha, the Troitsk church in Volchin. By the way, Volchin – the homeland of the last Polish king Stanislav Augustus Ponyatovsky, was born in Shestakovo one of heads of a povstaniye of 1863-1864 Romuald Traugutt, in Turners – the first president of Academy of Sciences of Belarus Vsevolod Ignatovsky, Kamenets – the homeland of the political and church figure of the 18th century Mikhail Karpovich …

The Kamenetsky tower – a unique monument in Belarus, has the highest category of value. In 1960 in a tower it is open and the museum – branch of the Brest regional museum of local lore functions. On five tiers the exposition telling about Kaments's stories and towers from XIII to the 16th centuries is placed. The museum is most often visited by tourists from Belarus, Russia, and also from foreign countries and the CIS countries. In 2014 the museum was visited by over 22,5 thousand people.

And to whom the well-known National park "Bialowieza Forest" isn't known. Popularity of a dense forest has extended worldwide and continues to grow. Primitive forest area more than 500 km ² is unique the various flora and fauna rich with history. To tourists suggest to visit: the museum of the nature which on the registration and richness of collections is one of the largest and best museums of this profile in Republic of Belarus; excursion open-air cages where visitors can admire majestic bisons, graceful deer and roes, to see a lynx, a wolf, a bear, a fox, a wild boar, some species of birds of prey; Father Frost's estate – the most known tourist brand of the country. Here it is possible to plunge into the magic bewitching world of the fairy tale, to see the Snow Maiden's Tower, the Magic Mill, a glade of Twelve Months, the avenue of signs of East calendar and many other things.

In 2014 the Kamenetsky area has celebrated 75-year anniversary. Kamenetchina a proshlaslozhny way from war and post-war ruin before peaceful creation of today. And now our area – one of dynamically developing regions of area, is valoobrazuyushchy on production of meat, milk, grain and sugar beet.

The heroic past, rich labor experience allow to look with confidence in tomorrow. Many nice pages will be added to the further chronicle of Kamenetchina.